Schmallenberg virus is in the Simbu serogroup of the Orthobunyavirus group. This group of viruses includes many different viruses which occur in Asia, Africa and Australia, but have not previously been identified in Europe.
As this is a newly identified virus there are still aspects of the disease that remain unknown at this point until more research has been done.
Currently we know that the virus can infect and cause disease in sheep, cattle and goats. We would also recommend that keepers of exotic or wild ruminants, such as the camelid (alpacas, llamas) and cervid families (deer) are vigilant.
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